Occupational Health and Safety

Causes and Effects of Compliance with OSHA Standards
With funding from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), John Mendeloff examines some of the workplace characteristics that predict non-compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards and some of the workplace and inspection characteristics that affect responses to inspections.

Determinants of Compliance with OSHA Standards
John Mendeloff is the principal investigator of this project, funded by NIOSH,  to identify factors that affect the presence of serious violations of OSHA standards.  It also examines the effects of OSHA inspections (and of new standards) on the productivity of the workplaces affected.

Evaluation of EPA’s Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) Program
John Mendeloff is the principal investigator on this project, funded by the Smith-Richardson Foundation, to examine changes in costs and effectiveness resulting from a new policy implementing legislation, passed by Congress in 1990, that transformed the HAP program from one that was “risk-based” to one that was “technology-based.”  Under the older system, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) had to demonstrate how much the risk would be reduced by its regulation.  Under the new one, it can require technologies which are judged to be readily available.

Rise and Fall of Risk Regulation—Performance and Learning at Regulatory Agencies
John Mendeloff studies, with a grant from the Smith Richardson Foundation, changes over time in the outcomes produced by OSHA, EPA, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) the extent to which those agencies and their stakeholders have improved the design and implementation of their programs in response to feedback.